The stories of our past span many generations and the evidence can be found across this land. Mapping our Elders' memories, archeologists have walked through Pimachiowin Aki (Pa-match-e-oh-win A-key) and unearthed traditional hunting and cooking tools, found ancient camp sites, discovered burial sites, documented centuries-old rock paintings and mapped trap lines handed down from generation to generation.
The Anishinabe people have continued to live on the land ever since, but our lives have not been untouched by the outside world. As early as the 1700s Europeans entered our area to trade furs. And from 1930 to 1940 American Anthropologist Irving Hallowell worked with Ojibwe Chief William Berens to document in words and photos our culture at the time.
Starting in the 1870s and extending for 100 years, churches and governments built residential schools across Canada that removed First Nations children from their parents, from the land and from their culture. That was a very dark period that continues to affect people today. But Elders remind us that Anishinaabe people come from a very proud and dignified past and that the path to healing, for us and many others, can be found on the land.